Tisha B'av Overview
The most tragic day of the Jewish year, our sages relate that on this day:
- Both the First and Second Temples were destroyed, in 423 BCE and 69 CE respectively.
- In the desert, following the exodus from Egypt, the people supported the spies and no longer desired to enter the Land of Israel. As a result, it was decreed that they would wander for forty years in the desert.
- Beitar, the capital of Bar Kochba's kingdom,was destroyed in 132 CE.
- The Romans plowed the Temple Mount like a field in 133 CE.
- The Jewish Expulsion from England in 1290 CE was on this day
- The 9th of Av in 1492 was the final date for a Jew to remain in Spain under Queen Isabella
- The start date of World War I.
For this reason, Tishah B'Av itself is commemorated as a severe fast day, during which we are forbidden to eat, drink, wash, wear leather shoes, put on lotions or engage in marital relations.
The tefillin are worn only during the afternoon Minchah prayers, after 1:01 pm on Sunday, August 14th.